#1 Myth: Direct blow to the head is the only way to get a concussion.
FACT: Direct blow the neck, face, head, or other body areas can transmit force to the head area serious enough to cause a concussion.
#2 Myth: You have to lose consciousness to have a concussion.
FACT: 90% of concussions result with NO loss of consciousness.
#3 Myth: All concussions should be treated alike.
FACT: Concussions are not identical from one person to another. Research has identified 6 subsets of concussions. Treatment and rehabilitation will vary dependent on the clinical subset(s) one falls into.
#4 Myth: You must sit in a dark room until symptoms resolve following a concussion.
FACT: Evidence shows ACTIVE treatments are beneficial including vestibular physical therapy, exertion therapy, and vision therapy. Injured persons must be evaluated by someone trained in concussion therapy to determine when active treatment should begin.
#5 Myth: Helmets and mouth guards prevent concussions.
FACT: Helmets can reduce incidence of skull fractures and some severe brain injuries, there is little evidence that a particular brand of helmets will reduce concussions; same is true of mouth guards.
#6 Myth: Concussions will cause long term brain damage and Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE).
FACT: Long term affects of concussions are primarily due to POORLY MANAGED injuries. Medical studies are still in progress and no definitive conclusions have been made.
#7 Myth: It is safe to return to play in the same game or practice after suffering a traumatic injury and experiencing concussion symptoms (headache, blurry vision, light/sound sensitivity, irritability, etc.).
FACT: Even if symptoms have cleared quickly during a game/practice time, any athlete who displays symptoms should NOT be allowed to return to the current game/practice.
Nancy Astrup, PT
Certified Vestibular Therapist
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